1. It is Sunnat-e-Mu’akkidah to invite the Muslims to each Fard Salaah through calling out the Azaan.
2. The “Mu’azzin” is the person who calls out the Azaan.
3. It is the Mu’azzin’s duty to remember the correct times of Salaah and the manner of reciting the Azaan.
4 The Mu’azzin:
4.1 must be in a state of Wudu,
4.2 must stand in a specific place made for calling out the Azaan,
4.3 must face the Qiblah,
4.4 must place his Shahaadah fingers in his ears, and
4.5 call out the Azaan in a loud voice.
5. The Mu’azzin must avoid calling out the Azaan in a singing style.
6. The Arabic words of the Azaan must be recited with a “pulling” tone only at those places where it is permissable to “pull.” Therefore, it is necessary for the Mu’azzin to know Tajweed.
7. The Azaan must be called out in a clear and simple manner.
8. One should repeat the words of the Azaan after the Mu’azzin. However, after you hear: “Hayya alas Salaah” and
“Hayya alal falaah,” you should say : “There is no Help or Strength except that which comes from Allah.”
9. If one hears the Azaan being recited and is not in the Masjid, one must immediately go to the Masjid for Salaah.
10. After Azaan, it is a great Thawaab to lift both hands and read the Du’a After Azaan.
11. It is also Mustahab to kiss both fingernails of the thumbs and rub them over the eyes when you hear the Mu’azzin read:
“I bear Witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”
11.1 The first time that you hear “Muhammaddar Rasulullah” (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), you should say: “O Rasulullah! The coolness in my eyes is through you.”
11.2 The second time that you hear the same, you should say: “O Allah! Make me enjoy vision and sight.”
This was a practise of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) beloved Sahaba, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu). We must also make this our practise as there is great Thawaab in this.
12 . When the Mu’azzin says: “Hayya alas Salaah” he should turn towards the right each time.
13 .When the Mu’azzin says: “Hayya alal Falah” he should turn towards the left each time.
Remember, do not turn the shoulders and the entire body, but only the face.
Dua after Azaan
“Allah is the Greatest” (4 times)
“I bear witness that there is no god but Almighty Allah.” (2 times)
“I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Almighty Allah.” (2 times)
“Come to Salaah” (2 times)
“Come to Success” (2 times)
“Almighty Allah is the Greatest” (2 times)
“There is no god but Almighty Allah” (once)
After reciting the “Hayya alal falah” for the Fajar Salaah, the Mu’azzin should read: “Prayer is better than sleep.” (2 times)
WHAT WE SHOULD SAY/DO WHEN WE HEAR THE ADHAN
1. Repeat what the mu’adhin says
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 585
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Allah’s Apostle said, “Whenever you hear the Adhan, say what the Mu’adhdhin is saying.
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 587
Narrated Mu’awiya r.a. as above (586) and added:
“When the Mu’adhdhin said, “Haiya alas-sala(t) (come for the prayer).” Muawiya said, “La hawla wala quwata illa billah (There is neither might nor any power except with Allah)” and added, “We heard your Prophet saying the same.”
Thus when we hear the adhan we must repeat back what the muadhin say except when he say
Hayya Alas-Solaah and
Hayya Alal- Falah
Then we answer
لا حولا ولا قوّة إلّا باللّه
Laa haw laa Qowwata Illa Billah
There is no power or might save with (except) Allah.
2. Invoke blessings to the prophets
Book of Prayer
Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 747
‘Abdullah b. Amr b. al-As reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you hear the Mu’adhdhin, repeat what he says, then invoke a blessing on me, for everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah; then beg from Allah al-Wasila for me, which is a rank in Paradise fitting for only one of Allah’s servants, and I hope that I may be that one. If anyone who asks that I be given the Wasila, he will be assured of my intercession.
To invoke blessings upon the Prophet (PBUH) means to recite “Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin, wa `ala ali Muhammadin, kama sallaita `ala Ibrahima wa `ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majid.” Wasilah literally means that mode or method by which one attains his goal, but here it stands for that high rank in Jannah which will be awarded to the Prophet (PBUH).
3. Make the doa wasilah
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 588
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever after listening to the Adhan says, ‘Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-d-da’ watit-tammati was-salatil qa’imati, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata wal-fadilata, wab’ athhu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa’ adtahu (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad the right of intercession and superiority and send him (on the Day of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised him)’, then intercession for me will be permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection”).
SUMMARY OF WHAT WE SHOULD DO UPON HEARING THE ADHAN
1. Respect the adhan by stopping conversation. Even reading the quran.
2. Stay focus on the adhan.
Repeating what the muadhin say except for the hayya alas-solah and hayya-ala-falah. Instead say la hawla walakuata illa bila
3. After adzan sends salaah to prophet (s.a.w)
4. Then read the dua’ wasilah
5. Make dua between azan and iqamah.