Aqeedah;Prophet Muhammad{SAW}

THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) IS NOOR


Some persons believe that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is only a human being and not Noor (light). They say so based on the reason that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had wives, had children, and he used to eat and drink. The Aqeeda of the Ahle Sunnat Wa Jama’at is that he is both Noor and a human being.

The being and existence of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is even before that of human beings, but when he came into this world he came in the garb of a human being.

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated, “The very first thing which Almighty Allah created was my Noor.” (Tafseer Roohul Bayaan; Madarijun Nabuiwat)

Once Sayyiduna Jaabir (radi Allahu anhu) asked the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) whom Allah Ta’ala created before anything else. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) stated: “O Jaabir! Verily, before the creation of anything else, Almighty Allah created the Noor of your Nabi from His Noor.” (Muwahibul Laduniya; Zirkani Shareef)

The Sahaba of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) lived with him and observed him with his wives and children. They saw him eating, drinking, talking, etc. but still accepted him to be Noor.

We know that Sayyiduna Jibraeel (alaihis salaam) is made of Noor but when he used to appear before Sayyiduna Maryam (radi Allahu anha) he used to appear in the form of a human being. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “Thus he used to appear before her in the form of a healthy (well-built) man.” (Part 16, Ruku 5)

Sayyiduna Umar Farouk (radi Allahu anhu) narrates that once a person came before them. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked him if he knew who that person was, he replied: “Allah Ta’ala and His beloved Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) know better.” The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that it was Jibraeel (alaihis salaam). (Mishkaat; Bukhari Shareef) This Hadith proves that although the Sahaba referred to Sayyiduna Jibraeel (alaihis salaam) as a man since they saw him in the form of a human being, yet they accepted that he was in actual fact an Angel made from Noor. On many instances, he came in the form of Sahabi-e-Rasool named Sayyiduna Wahia Kalbi (radi Allahu anhu).

Sayyidah Halima Sa’adiya (radi Allahu anha), the wet-nurse of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), believed the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to be Noor. She said that when she used to feed the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) milk in his infancy, she never felt the need for a light in her house. (Bayaanul Miladun Nabwi; Tafseer Mazhari).

Sayyidah Safiya (radi Allahu anha), the aunt of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) states that on the eve of the birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) she was present in his house. She said that she saw his Noor became more powerful than the light from the lamp. (Shawaahidun Nubuiwat)

Sayyiduna Ali Murtuza (radi Allahu anhu) said that when the Beloved of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) spoke, Noor (light) used to be seen emerging from between his blessed teeth. (Muwahibul Laduniya; Anwaarul Muhammadiyah)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) states that when the beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) smiled, then the walls use to glow with his Noor. (Muwahibul Laduniya; Shifa Shareef)

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) states that the day in which the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) arrived in Madinatul Munawwarah, everything in Madinatul Munawwarah became bright through his Noor. (Tirmizi Shareef; Ibn Majah)

Ummul Mo’mineen, Sayyidah Aisha Siddiqa (radi Allahu anha) is recorded to have said: “In total dark nights, I used to put the thread into a needle with the help of the Noor of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).” (Shara Shifa Bar Hashia Naseemur Riaz)

Sayyiduna Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa (alaihir rahmah) praises the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in the following poem: “You are that Noor that the full Moon is brightened by your Noor and you are with your beauty and elegance a shining sun.” (Qasidaul Nu’maan)

Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari (radi Allahu anhu) reports: I asked: “O Prophet of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), What did the Almighty Allah first create?” The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied: “Allah first created my Noor (Light) of His Noor. This Noor travelled about according to the Will of Allah. At that time, there was no Heaven, Hell, Lawh (Divine Tablet), Pen, Earth, Skies, Sun, Moon, Jinn or Human Beings. When He decided to create, He divided that Noor into four parts. From one part He created the Pen, from the second, the Lawh and from the third, he made the Arsh (Throne).

“He divided the fourth part into a further four parts. From one, He created those Angels who carry the Arsh, from the second, the Kursi (Divine Chair) and from the third, He created the Angels.

“He again divided the remaining parts into a further four parts. From one, He created the skies. The second was used in creating the planets. From the third, Heaven and Earth were created.

“Once again, He divided the fourth part into a further four parts. From one part He created the power with which the believers see. From the second, He created in the hearts of the Believers the Noor of Marifat. From the third, He created in the tongues of the Believers, Noor, so that they can read the Kalima of Tauheed”. (Dalaa’il-un-Nubuwwat, Imam Baihaqi)

This astonishing Hadith Shareef proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the life of this world and everything in it. When he is the life of this world, then everything that happens in it is clear to him and nothing is concealed from him.
Who then can deny that he is not Noor (light)?

THE HOLY PROPHET IS A UNIQUE HUMAN BEING


Some people believe the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to be a human being just like any other human being. The Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at believes that besides being Noor (light), the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a most unique and perfect human being.

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is “Rahmatul lil Alameen”. He is the only creation of Allah Ta’ala who has been given this title and no other creation can be given this title. Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran: “And I have not sent you but as Mercy unto the Worlds”. (Part 17 Ruku 7) the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated: “Every Nabi only comes towards his people and I have been sent unto all nations. I have been sent as a Messenger unto the entire creation.” (Mishkaat Shareef; Sahih Muslim Shareef)

In the Holy Quran it has been stated that the women who married the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) are the most unique women amongst all the women. If just by marrying the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) they are considered to be so great, then who can compare or be more unique than the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)?

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “I am not like any one of you”. (Tirmidhi; Sahih Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu) said: “I have not seen anybody similar to the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) either before of after.” (Tarikhe Kabeer; Tirmidhi Shareef)

The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) stopped his Sahaba from keeping continuous fasting without partaking in Sehri and Iftaar. When the Sahaba-e-Ikram insisted that they also fast in the manner as Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) kept his fasts, he told them: “I am not like (similar to) you. I am given food and water.” (Sahih Bukhari; Sahih Muslim)

None of the Sahaba-e-Ikram (radi Allahu anhum) ever told Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) that he is a human being like them, that he has two hands and feet like them, that he eats and drinks like them and that he has wives and children like them.

Concerning the blessed face of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Sayyiduna Aisha Siddiqa (radi Allahu anha) states: “I was sewing something at the time of Sehri and the needle fell down. I searched very much for it, but it could not be found. Just then the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) entered and, through the brightness of his face, I found the needle.” (Khasaais Kubra; Al-Qaulul Badi’lisaqawi)

The saliva of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not unclean nor does it cause any illness, but it is the cure for illnesses. On the day of Khaibar, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) put his blessed saliva into Sayyiduna Ali’s (radi Allahu anhu) eyes and he was completely cured. (Mishkaat Shareef; Masnade Imam Ahmed) The well at Sayyiduna Ali?s house (radi Allahu anhu) was very bitter. When the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) put his saliva into the well, the water became so sweet that no water in the entire of Madinah Munawwarah tasted sweeter than that. (Madarijun Nubuiwat; Anwaarul Muhammadiyah)

The blessed perspiration of Sayyiduna Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) possessed a sweet smelling fragrance. Sayyiduna Umme Salim (radi Allahu anha), the mother of Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu), said that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to go to the house of Sayyiduna Umme Salim (radi Allahu anha) to make Qailula (rest after lunch). Sayyiduna Umme Salim (radi Allahu anha) used to lay for him a bedspread made from skin. He used to lie on that skin and he perspired very much. Sayyiduna Umme Salim (radi Allahu anha) used to collect the blessed perspiration of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and mix it in perfume. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked, “O Umme Salim! What is this?” She said, “Ya Rasoolallah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)! It is your blessed perspiration. I mix it in my perfume because your blessed perspiration is the best perfume amongst all perfumes.” (Mishkaat Shareef; Bukhari Shareef)

The blessed blood of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Paak (pure). During the Battle of Uhud, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was wounded. Sayyiduna Malik bin Sunaan (radi Allahu anhu), the father of Sayyiduna Abu Saeed Khudri (radi Allahu anhu), began to suck out the blood from the wound of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and it began to look white. The Sahaba asked him to spit it out. He refused to do so and said, “I swear by Allah that I will never spit this blood out of my mouth.” He then drank the blessed blood of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Whichever one of you wishes to see a Jannati man, you should look at him (Hadrat Malik bin Sunaan)”. (Shifa Shareef; Madarijun Nabuiwat)

Sayyiduna Allama Ahmad Qistilaani (alaihir rahmah), the commentator of Bukhari Shareef, states: “Make yourself aware that the physical body of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was created in such a way that no one was created similar to him before and nor will their be any one similar who will be born after him.” (Muwahibul Ladaniyah)

After examining the authentic narrations from distinguished books, we see that the Aqeeda of the Sahaba-e-Ikram and of the great Scholars was that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a unique human being and there is no one that is like him, equal or similar to him.
He is the most unique amongst the creation of Allah Ta?ala.

THE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) IS ALIVE

Some people do not accept the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to be alive. They say that he is dead and mixed with the soil. Allah forbid! The Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at believes that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is “Hayaatun Nabi”, that is, he is alive both physically and spiritually.

Regarding the Martyrs (Shuhada), those who are slain in the path of Allah, Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran: “And say not those who have been slain in the path of Allah to be dead for they are alive and you do not know.” (Part 2, Ruku 3) Since it is evident from the Holy Quran that the Martyrs are alive, then it follows that the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam), whose status are much greater than that of the Martyrs, are also alive. (Fathul Baari Sharah Bukhari)

Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And say not of those who are slain in the Way of Allah ‘They are dead’. Nay, they are living, though you perceive it not”. (al-Baqarah: 154) “Think not of those who are slain in Allah’s Way as dead. Nay, they are alive, finding their sustenance in the Presence of their Lord”. (al-Ale’ Imraan: 169) The above two Ayahs were revealed after the Battle of Badr. The Ashaabs (radi Allahu anhum) used to feel sorry for those who lost their lives in the battle, and used to say: “Alas, so and so has lost his life and has missed the pleasures of this world!” Allah Ta’ala revealed these Ayahs clarifying that the Shuhada (Martyrs) are not “dead” but are transferred from one place to another where they live and are fed by the Bounteous Lord who is not deficient of anything. If the Shuhada are not “dead”, how can we say that the greatest Apostle, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), is no more amongst us?

Referring to the Messengers, Allah Ta?ala says in the Holy Quran: “And ask those of our Mesengers, whom we sent before you, ‘Did We appoint any other god except the All-Affectionate, to be worshipped’?” (Part 25, Ruku 10) This verse proves that the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam) are alive because Allah Ta?ala commands us to ask the Messengers about all matters. If they had passed away and mixed with the soil, surely, we would not have been commanded to ask them about anything. (Tafseer Dur Manthur; Tafseer Roohul Muaani)

Another proof supporting that the Ambiya are alive is that on the night of Me’raj, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) passed by Sayyiduna Moosa (alaihis salaam). He saw him in his grave standing and reading his Salaah.

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Recite Durood upon me in abundance on a Friday since it is a respected day. On that day the Angels are present and whosoever sends Durood upon me on that day, then his Durood is placed before me till the time when they have completed sending Durood and Salaam”. (Sayyiduna Abu Dardah radi Allahu anhu says), “I asked, ‘Huzoor! Will you even hear (the Salaam) after your demise?'” The Prophet (sallal laahu alaii wasallam) said, “Verily Almighty Allah has made it Haraam upon the earth to devour the bodies of the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam). Thus, all the Nabis of Allah are alive and they are given sustenance.” (Ibn Majah; Jame Sahgeer; Mishkaat Shareef) We learn from this Hadith Shareef that the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam) are alive and they have only been hidden from us. We cannot understand their position, like those of the Angels that they are alive and present but we cannot obtain (see) them. Yes! Those whom Allah has blessed, they can even see them. This has been confirmed that the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam) are alive. (Umdatul Qaari Shara Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhadith Delhwi (alaihir rahmah) wrote: “There is no death for the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam). They are alive and existing. For them is that one death that has come only once. After this, their souls are put back into their bodies and the life that they had on earth is given back to them.” (Takmeelul Imaan)

The greatest proof concerning the Ambiya (alaihimus salaam) being alive is that they make Ibaadah in their graves. They perform their Salaah and they are well provided with food and drink. Like the Angels who are alive, but do not eat and drink. (Mirkaat Shar Mishkaat)

Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And how would you deny faith while unto you are rehearsed the Signs of Allah and among you lives the Prophet”. (Sura al- ale’Imraan: 101) This is a typical Ayah proving Hayat-un-Nabi – “among you lives the Prophet”. The word “lives” has cleared all doubts. “Among you” has been generalised, meaning with every individual, wherever he or she may be regardless of time. Man’s vision and power of hearing is restricted, but it is not so in the case of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). His powers are far beyond imagination. If somebody says, “Where is the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)? I cannot see him! Why must I stand and read Salaam?” Surely, this statement is absurd because none of us has seen Allah Ta’ala and the Angels. Kiraaman Katibeen are two Angels constantly present with every individual. Can we deny their existence merely because we did not see them?

It was declared in a Hadith, “When a person greets me, Allahu Ta’ala sends my soul to my body and I hear his greeting.” Some people quoting this Hadith say that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not alive since his soul returns to his body only when he is greeted.

Imam Jalaal’uddeen as-Suyuti (alaihir rahmah) said in the book “Anba’ al-adhkiya’ fi hayat il-anbiya” that “radda” means “ala al-dawam”, i.e. permanently, and not temporarily: in other words, Allah does not return the soul and take it back, then return it again and then take it back again, but He has returned it to Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) permanently, and the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is alive permanently, not intermittently as some ignorant people have suggested.

Another explanation of this Hadith is that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is in the ecstasy of seeing Jamaal-Allah (Allah’s Beauty) and forgetful of his bodily senses. Such situations are not scarce in this world, either.
One does not hear what people say to one when one is in a deep thought of worldly or heavenly affairs. Can someone who is in ecstasy of contemplating Jamaal of Allah hear any sound ?

Thus, we have proved from authentic sources that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is alive both physically and spiritually.

THE INTERCESSION OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM)

Some people believe that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) does not have the power to intercede. The belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at is that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is an Intercessor and that he will intercede on the Day of Qiyamah by the permission of Allah Ta?ala. Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran: “Who is he that would intercede with him except with His permission. He knows what is before them and what is behind them.” (Part 3, Ruku 1)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has been given the station of Maqaam-e-Mahmood. Maqaam-e-Mahmood is that point on intercession where all will praise and honour the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). (Tafseer Khaazin; Tafseer Jalalain) The Holy Quran states: “It is near that your Lord may make you stand at a place where all should praise you.” (Part 15, Ruku 9)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “I will intercede for my Ummah until my Creator summons me, ‘O Muhammad! Have you been pleased?’ I will say, ‘O my Creator! I am pleased?”. (Durr Manthur; Roohul Bayaan)

Sayyiduna Abi bin Ka’ab (radi Allahu anhu) reports that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “On the Day of Qiyamah, I will be the Leader and Khatib of all the Ambiya (alaihums salaam) and I will be the master of their intercession. I do not say this out of arrogance.” (Mishkaat Shareef; Ash’atul Lam’aat)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) stated: “On the Day of Qiyamah, I will be the leader of the children of Sayyiduna Adam (alaihis salaam). I will be the first to rise from my grave. I will be the first to start interceding and my intercession will be the first to be accepted.” (Mishkaat Shareef; Sahih Muslim Shareef)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) stated: “The Ulema, the Hufaaz, and the Shuhada of my followers will indeed intercede on the Day of Judgment. Even the infant whose parents are Muslims will intercede.” If, as some misled individuals say, that it is not permissible to ask the creation for assistance but only from Allah Ta?ala, then how will these above-mentioned beloved slaves help us on the Day of Judgment? This again is proof that it is not wrong to ask them for help in this world also!

On the Day of Qiyamah, all the people will congregate and they will say among themselves, “We wish we could find some one to intercede for us in the Court of Allah Ta’ala so that He may give us comfort at this point.” They will go to Sayyiduna Adam (alaihis salaam) and ask him to intercede for them. He will tell them to go to Sayyiduna Nooh (alaihis salaam) as he is the first Nabi that Allah Ta’ala sent towards the people on earth.

Sayyiduna Nooh (alaihis salaam) will tell them to go to Sayyiduna Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) as he is the Friend of Allah Ta’ala. He in turn will tell them to go to Sayyiduna Moosa (alaihis salaam) as he is a special servant of Allah Ta’ala. He will say to them to go to Sayyiduna ‘Isa (alaihis salaam) as he is the special servant and Rasool of Allah Ta’ala, and His Kalma and His Rooh.

The people will then present themselves before Hadrat ‘Isa (alaihis salaam) who will say, “This is not my job. Go into the court of Sayyiduna Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who is a unique servant of Almighty Allah Ta’ala and it is through him that Almighty Allah has forgiven those before and after him.” Then the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “They will come to me. I will ask for permission in the Court of Almighty Allah and permission will be granted. When I see Almighty Allah, I will make Sajdah and Almighty Allah will say, ‘O Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)! Lift up your head, ask, request and it will be given, and intercession will be accepted’.” (Bukhari Shareef; Ibn Majah)

The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) will then intercede. After him, the great Prophets and Saints will intercede. Those who say that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) cannot intercede, how will it be permissible on the Day of Judgment?

THE CONCEPT OF “HAAZIR AND NAAZIR” USED FOR RASOOLULLAH (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM)

Some people believe that Allah Ta’ala is “Omnipresent”, that is, Allah Ta?ala is Present and Over-looking at every time and at every place. They believe Allah Ta?ala to be “Haazir” and “Naazir”. This is not true, as Allah Ta’ala is not bound by time and space. Allah Ta’ala is Present and Seeing from eternity without time and without space.

Allah Ta’ala’s Attributes, namely, Life, Knowledge, Power and Speech, are without time and without place, so are Allah Ta?ala?s other attributes. Allah Ta’ala’s Attributes always exists and will continue to exist till eternity. There is a great difference between Allah Ta’ala being Present and the souls of His creation being present. No one is present like Allah Ta’ala being Present.

The Angels, the souls of Prophets, the souls of the Awliya Allah and the souls of pious Muslims are present at any place where they are called. They were non-existent, before being present. They will seize to exist after a while. The souls of the creation were absent before it became present there, and will be absent some time later. The presence of the souls is with time and with place. Now that we have explained the concept of Allah Ta’ala being Present and clarified our position with regards to the station of the souls in this respect, we will explain the concept of Haazir (present) and Naazir (over-looking) of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama?at that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is given power by Allah Ta’ala to be Haazir and Naazir.

Some persons say that the Ahle Sunnat Wa Jamaat believes that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present like Allah Ta?ala is Present. This is totally false because the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at does not have such a belief. The Ulema have used the words “Haazir-o-Naazir” for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “How then if I brought from each people a Witness and brought you (O Muhammad) as a Witness against these people”. (Sura al-Nisa: 41) This proves that each Prophet is a Witness for his Ummah, for those who accept Allah Ta’ala and those who reject Him. It also proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was present before each Ummah, witnessing their deeds.

On the Day of Qiyamah, when they will be questioned about their deeds, they will deny it. Then, Allah Ta’ala will bring the Final Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as a Witness and he will testify because he was present there when they were practising evil. Imam Khaazin (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To be a witness means to be ‘Haazir’ or present.” (Tafseer Khaazin)

Sayyiduna Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Delwi (radi Allah anhu) writes: “Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Haazir-o-Naazir on the deeds of his Ummah”. (Haashiya Akhbarul Akhyaar)

Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “O Prophet! Truly, We have sent you as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and a Warner”. (Sura al-Ahzab: 45) Here Allah Ta’ala says that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a witness sent by Him concerning men’s doings and how they receive Allah Ta’ala’s Message. In order to give evidence, a witness has to be present and watching. Even in the Court of Law, a witness is asked, “Did you see the incident taking place?”Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And the Apostle is a Witness over yourselves.” (Sura al-Baqarah: 144)

Commenting on this Ayah, Sayyiduna Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi (alaihir rahmah) writes: “The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is observing everybody, knows their good and bad deeds, and knows the strength of Imaan of every individual Muslim and what has hindered his spiritual progress.” (Tafsir Azizi)

Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And keep thy soul content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His face and let not thine eyes pass beyond them.” (Sura Kahaf: 28) In this verse Allah Ta’ala is asking Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to keep a close watch on those people who seek Him. He is asked to observe them day and night. Note that no limitation has been imposed – “observe them during your life and after you assume a veil of departure”. This is another proof that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is watching us 24 hours a day!

Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is closer to the Believers than their own selves”. (Sura al-Ahzab: 6) Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is with every Muslim. (N.B. Not every Muslim, but every “Mu’min” among the Muslims). That is the reason why the non-Mu’mins feel that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam – is far from them. But it is they who are far from the beloved of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is closer to them than they are to their own selves, irrespective of time and place. He is witnessing their deeds. Allah Ta?ala gives this power to him.

It is reported by Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhuma) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Indeed this entire world is in front of me so that I can observe everything in it. I can see everything in this world and everything that will take place till the Day of Qiyamah. I see the entire world as I see the palm of my hand”. (Mawahib-e-Ladunnia) This Hadith Shareef substantiates the belief of the Ahle Sunnah that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Haazir and Naazir.

Sayyiduna Qazi Abu Iyaaz (alaihir rahmah) writes in his “Shifa” that Sayyiduna Amr bin Dinar (radi Allahu anhu), a Taba’in and Faqih of Makkatul Mukarramah, said: “If you enter a house and find that there is nobody there, say ‘May Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)'”. Writing a commentary on this Hadith Shareef, Sayyiduna Mulla Ali Qari (alaihir rahmah) says: “This is so because the soul of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present in every Muslim home”.

Sayyiduna Ali Hameed Saaidi (radi Allahu anhu) has reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “If any of you enters the Mosque, send Salaams to me, followed by this Du’a: ‘O Allah! Open your Door of Blessing for me'”. (Abu Dawud, Ibne Majah, Baihaqi) This Hadith proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present in every Mosque of this world and according to Islam, the entire earth is a Mosque for the Muslims, as reported by Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah (radi Allahu anhu) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The entire earth has been made a Mosque for me”. (Bukhari Shareef) Thus, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present everywhere on earth!

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated, “Whosoever sees me in his dream then he will soon see me while awake.” (Bukhari Shareef; Abu Dawood) Commentating on this Hadith, Sayyiduna Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhadith Delhwi (alaihir rahmah) says: “This is glad tidings for those who see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in their dreams that after arriving from the darkness of the Nafs and the completion of the desires of the body they have reached this stage that in reality, without any veil in the condition of awakeness they will have this opportunity of seeing him just like the Awliyah Allah who see him while awake. In this text, this Hadith proves that it is possible and proper to see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) while awake.” (Ash Atul Lam’aat)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “I have been sent towards all the creation of Almighty Allah.” (Sahih Muslim Shareef; Mishkaat Shareef) This Hadith Shareef proves that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is being a witness for those towards whom he was sent as a Prophet.

It is written in an authentic Kitaab: “Even due to much objections and differences in the opinions of the Ulema, one does not have any doubt in this case that without any doubt and illusion, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is continuously alive and he is Haazir and Naazir in the A’mal of his Ummat and he gives his mercy towards those who turns towards him and he guides them.” (Maktoobat Shareef bar Haashia Akhbaarul Akhyaar Shareef)

Hazrat Haji Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki (alaihir rahmah) writes: “Our Ulema fight in the issue of Meelad Shareef. The Ulema believed in its permissibility as well. When the side of permissibility exists, why then is there so much hardness on this issue? For us, it is sufficient to follow the people of Haramain (Makkah and Medina). At the time of Qiyaam one should not have the belief of Tawallud (that Rasoolullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam – is born now). The possibility of the arrival of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in the Meelad assembly is not wrong because the bodily world is restricted to time and place, but the spiritual world is free from both. So the arrival of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not far from being possible”. (Shamaime Imdaadiya)

Imam Ahle Sunnat, Hazrat Sayed Ahmed Sa’eed Qazmi (alaihir rahmah) states: “When the word Haazir-o-Naazir is used for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), it does not mean that the physical body of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is everywhere and that he is present in front of everybody. This in fact means that as the soul exists in every part of the body similarly the light filled reality of the Soul of both the worlds (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) exist in every atom of the worlds. Based on that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) arrives with his spirituality and lightfulness in many places at one time. Many times, the Pious observe the beauty of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in a state of wakefulness with their physical eyes”. (Taskeenul Khawatir fi Mas’alatil Haazir wan Naazir)

Thus we have learnt that Sayyiduna Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), through the Light (Noor) of his Prophethood, knows the faith of every faithful and the degree of his Imaan and also the obstacles which stand in the way of a faithful’s spiritual advancement. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) knows our sins, and our spiritual status, and our good and bad deeds, and our sincerity and hypocrisy. His witness is the most acceptable in favour of his Ummah.

The Soul of Sayyiduna Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) observes all the souls and living beings. The deeds of the Ummah are presented to Sayyiduna Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) every morning and every evening and the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) recognizes (each member) of his Ummah through their actions, and hence, he would be a witness for them. Sayyiduna Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a witness for the Believers over their faith, for the non-Believers over their apostasy and for the hypocrites over their dual character.

There are some mislead individuals who feel it appropriate to believe that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has been restricted to his Blessed Grave till the Day of Qiyamah and that it is out of his reach to travel wherever he pleases and to make himself present wherever he pleases.

Allah Ta’ala sent all the Prophets to our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) on the Mi’raj night. He became the Imaam, and they performed two rak’ahs of Salaah. It is thus seen that all the Prophets (alaihimus salaam) made Haaziri (were present) in Musjid al-Aqsa to perform Salaah with our Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) being the Imaam. If Prophets cannot leave their Blessed Graves then how is it that all of the Prophets (alaihimus salaam) were present in Musjid al-Aqsa, on the blessed night of Mi’raj an-Nabi which occured long after the Wisaal of the other Prophets.

Shaikh Abd al-Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi (alaihir rahmah) states: “Allah Ta’ala has given the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) the strength and power to go anywhere he likes, he can go with his own body or only in soul. On the earth, in the sky, in the grave and the Holy Prophet’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) connection stays with his own shrine.” (Madarijun Nabuwat)

Imam Jalaaluddeen as-Suyuti (alaihir rahmah) says, “To keep watch of his own followers’ work and to pray for their forgiveness; to pray for their abstention from bad deeds; to come and go in all parts of the world to give auspiciousness; if one pious person dies from his followers then to come and attend his Janazah (funeral), all this is done by the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)”. (Intibahul Azkiyya)

It is recorded that at the time of the call to prayer (Adhan) the Shaitaan runs thirty-six miles away and returns in an instant after the completion of the Adhan. (Mishkaat) How can it be, that Allah Ta’ala’s Beloved, Huzoor-e-Aqdas Muhammad Mustafa (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is confined to his Blessed Grave while Shaitaan is freely running up and down, and that too, at high speeds!

Besides Shaitaan, even Angels have this ability. The Holy Qur’aan says: “…when death comes to any of you, Our Angels take his soul and they do not fail ” (Surah al-Anaam: 61). Relating to this it is written that, “For the Angel of Death the whole of the Earth is like a tray, so that he may take the souls as he pleases. There is no difficulty for the Angel of Death to take souls, even though there are many and at many different places !” (Tafseer Kabir Khazeen; Ruh-ul-Bayaan)The speed of Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam) is such that, when Nabi Yusuf (alaihis salaam) was thrown into the well, Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam) travelled from Sidratul Muntaha to the bottom of the well. When Nabi Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) was about to sacrifice Nabi Ismail (alaihis salaam) and had his knife on the neck of Nabi Ismail (alaihis salaam), Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam), travelled from Sidratul Muntaha to the earth with a Ram.

The above events relate to an Angel and it’s abilities, but men of Allah (Awliya Allah) are also imbued with such powers. Asaf ibn Barkhiya’s taking the throne of Bilqis (the Queen of Sheba) to Sayyiduna Sulaiman (alaihis salaam) is also reported in the Holy Quran, Surah Naml, Verses 39 and 40.

It is written in the book “Wahhabiyya”: “Tayy al-masaafa, that is, traversing long distances in a moment, is a Karaama (miracle) bestowed upon Awliya’. It is Waajib to believe in this.”

Ibn Hajar al-Haitami (alaihir rahmah) wrote in his Fatawa: “The number of those who said that if a Wali (saint) goes to a very distant place in the West (in a short time) after he has performed the evening Salaat and if the sun has not set there yet, he need not perform the evening Salaat for the second time at that place, are many.” Concerning the questioning (of the dead person) in the grave, the third question that will be asked by the Angels of the grave is, “Ma kunta taqulu fi haqqi hazar rajul” (meaning : “What did you have to say about this person?” (i.e. the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) When this question is asked the veil is removed from the dead person’s eyes so that he can see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who will be present (Haazir) in the grave. (Mishkaat Shareef; Bukhaari)

From this Hadith we learn that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is seen by the dead in person and not in some sort of mental thought, because the word “rajul” that is used in the question, in Arabic grammar refers to a real person made of flesh and bones. So it is established that every person that dies sees the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in his grave in person. Now, at any given time thousands of people around the world are buried and al
l these people see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) at the same time and are asked the same question. This is ample proof that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) by the Grace of Allah Ta’ala can present himself in many places at the same time. All the ‘Ulama of Ahl as-Sunna agree with this.

THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) HEARS AND SEES FROM BOTH FAR AND NEAR

There are some people whose Aqeeda is that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) cannot hear anything from a distance. They say that he only hears the voices of his Ummah who are in Madinah Munawwarah and that he can only hear the Durood Shareef that is recited there. They say that if a person believes that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) can hear from far and near is Shirk or Polytheism (i.e. associating partners with Allah).

Addressing the Sahaba (radi Allahu anhuma), Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) proclaimed: “What I see you cannot see, and what I hear you cannot hear.” (Tirmidhi Shareef)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said, “I saw Prophet Moosa in the valley of Azraq, while passing from Makka to Madina. He was reciting ‘Talbiah’ in a loud voice.

On another occasion, “I saw Prophet Yunus wearing a long woolen overcoat and riding a red camel.” (Ibn Majah)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “I know the stone in Makkah which used to pay me Salutations before my advent as a Prophet and I know that even now.” (Sahih Muslim) The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), whilst in Madina, was able to see and hear the stone in Makkah paying him Salutations!

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “I hear all that which you do not hear.” (Sahih Bukhari; Mishkaat Shareef)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated: “I hear with my own ears the Durood of those who love me and I also recognise them”. (Dala’ile Khairaat Shareef)

The distinguished Sahaba of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to call to the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) from distances, even at the time of battles, which took place great distances away. They did this because they believed that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) could hear from far and from near.

It is recorded that Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radi Allahu anhu), who was delivering a Khutba in Madina Shareef, was able to see Sayyiduna Sari?ah (radi Allahu anhu) and the rest of the Muslim army who were in Persia. Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radi Allahu anhu) called out a warning to Sayyiduna Sari?ah (radi allahu anhu), who heard the calling of Sayyidunah ‘Umar (radi Allahu anhu). (Mishkaat Shareef) This narration illustrates two points: Firstly, the Sahabi was able to see what was happening hundreds of miles away. Secondly, the other Sahabi was able to hear his call from hundreds of miles away.

This is the state of the Sahaba, Mu’mineen and the Awliya (Saints). It is obvious that the status and powers of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) are much more superior than that of the Sahaba, Mu’mineen and the Awliya (Saints). So, if his blessed Companions can accomplish the above we are sure that he can accomplish it.

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Recite Durood Shareef abundantly on Fridays since it is a day of witnesses. Angels present themselves there. When any servant recites Durood, no matter who and where he is, his voice reaches me”. (Jila’ul Ifhaam; Az ibn Qayyim As Salaatu was Salaam) It is clear from this Hadith Shareef that the belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at is correct because the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself said that the person who recites Durood Shareef upon him from whichever place, the voice of that person reaches him.

Another Hadith Shareef says that the Durood Shareef is presented to the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam): “When a person recites Durood Shareef, then an Angel takes it and goes up and presents it before Almighty Allah. Allah Almighty says, ‘Take it to the Mazaar of my Beloved servant, Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) so that he may make Du’a-e-Bakhshish for the person who sent the Durood and he may gain coolness in his eyes’.” From this Hadith Shareef it is obvious that the Durood Shareef is first taken to Allah Ta’ala, and then presented in the court of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

Some people argue that if the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) hears the Durood, then what need is there for the Angels to present it to him? This argument is not only contradicting the power of hearing of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), but it is also contradicting the power of Hearing of Allah Ta’ala as well since the Durood Shareef is first presented in the Court of Allah Ta’ala. Does this mean that Allah Ta?ala cannot hear from far and near? Therefore, the argument is baseless.

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was making Wudhu for Tahajjud Salaah at the home of Sayyiduna Maimuna (radi Allahu anha). He suddenly called out three times, “Labbaik, Labbaik, Labbaik!” (Here I am) and “Nusirtu, Nusirtu, Nusirtu!” (I helped you). After saying this, he remained where he was and did not leave that place. Sayyiduna Maimuna (radi Allahu anha) further said: “When the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) completed his Wudhu, I asked him why he had called out those words”. He replied: “Raajiz was calling me”. What actually happened was that the Quraish wanted to kill Sayyiduna Umar bin Saalim Raajiz (radi Allahu anhu) as he was on the road leading to Madinatul Munawwarah. He called out: “O Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)! Help me or else the enemies will kill me!” Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) responded to his call from home and saved him from death. (Baihaqi; Tibrani)

This Hadith Shareef proves four points:

1. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is observing his Ummah.
2. It is Ja’iz (Permissible) to call the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) for help.
3. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) can hear the call of his Ummah.
4. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) can help those in distress regardless of distance.

Imaam-e-A?zam Abu Hanifa (alaihir rahmah) writes that Haaris ibn La’man and Haarisa bin Na’man (radi Allah anhuma) have said that: “Once I went to the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked me a question, ‘Oh Haaris, in what state did you pass the day?’ I replied, ‘As a true Muslim.’ Then the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked me the state of my Faith. I replied, ‘I see the Throne of Allah and the people of Paradise helping each other and the people of Hell lamenting in Hell. I see in front of me Eight Heavens and Seven Hells as clear as idol worshippers see their idols. I can recognise each individual just like a grinder can recognise wheat from barley that is, who is to go to Paradise and who is to be found in Hell. In front of me people are like fish and ants. Shall I stay silent or continue to speak?'” The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) told him to stop and say no more. (Fiqah Akbar) This narration illustrates the sight of a Sahabi (Blessed Companion of the Prophet). He could see the Throne of Allah, the Heavens, the Hells and their inmates! Imagine the sight of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)!

Hadrat Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Delhwi (alaihir rahmah) wrote: “Through the help of Noor-e-Nabuwat, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is aware and well informed of the condition and status of every religious person. He knows of the point where that person has reached in his Deen and what is the condition of his Imaan and through which veil it is that he is deprived of elevation. Thus, he knows your sins, intentions and bad ideas. This is why, according to Shari’ah, he will be witness for the Ummah in the world and in the Hereafter and he will be accepted and a compulsory action.” (Tafseer Azizi)

When Sayyiduna Umar Saalim (radi Allahu anhu) arrived in Madinatul Munawwarah, he wrote a few Arabic poems. The translation of a stanza is: “Ask the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) for help, because he is ever willing to help. Call out to the servants of Allah. They will help you!”

Al-‘arifu billah Sayyid Muhammad ‘Uthman al-Mirghani al-Makki al-Hanafi (alaihir rahmah) said in his book “Akrab at-turuki ila ‘l-Haqq”: “Think of Rasoolullah’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) presence facing you, his seeing and hearing you! Even if you are far away, Allahu Ta’ala makes your voice be heard and displays you. Here, being near or distant is the same.”

THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) HAS THE POWER OF GIVING BENEFIT AND LOSS

Some misguided persons believe that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is powerless, that he does not possess the power to give benefit or cause loss to anybody. The belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at is that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has been blessed by Allah Ta’ala with the powers to give benefit or loss to anybody if he wishes.

The following verses of the Holy Quran prove this. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran:

1. “And if when they do injustice unto their souls, then O Beloved! They should come to you and then beg forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger should intercede for them, then surely, they would find Allah Most Relenting, Merciful.” (Para 5, Ruku 6)
2. “And what they felt bad, only this that Allah and His Messenger has enriched them out of His grace;” (Para 10, Ruku 16)
3. “And O Beloved! Remember when you did say to him whom Allah bestowed a favour and you have bestowed a favour.” (Para 22, Ruku 2)
4. Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran: “And O Beloved, I have sent you not as mercy unto the worlds.” (Part 17 Ruku 7)

Commentating on this verse of the Holy Quran, Allama Aaloosi (alaihir rahmah) has stated, “And the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) being mercy unto the worlds is in this context that throughout the entire universe, his control is present through the Blessing of Allah Ta’ala. This is why the Noor of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was the first thing to be created and it is in the Ahadith, ‘ O Jaabir! Almighty Allah had first created the Noor of your Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)’ and in the next Hadith it is said that, ‘Almighty Allah is the Giver and I am the distributor. The explanation of the Sufia is more than that of mine in this matter.” (Tafseer Roohul Muaani)

It is mentioned in the Holy Quran that Sayyiduna ‘Isa (alaihis salaam) made a bird out of clay, blew into it, and then, with the Command of Allah Ta’ala, it began to fly. The Holy Quran also mentions that Sayyiduna ‘Isa (alaihis salaam) cured the blind, the lepers and brought back the dead back to life with the Command of Allah Ta’ala.

All these incidents prove that Nabi ‘Isa (alaihis salaam) was able to give benefit to those who sought his assistance. How can one dispute that our Nabi Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), who is superior to Nabi ‘Isa (alahis salaam), is not in control of giving benefit or loss to anyone?

It is also stated in the Holy Quran that through the Barakah of Sayyiduna Yusuf (alaihis salaam), Sayyiduna Yaqoob (alaihis salaam) regained his sight. Is the returning of the sight of Sayyiduna Yaqoob (alaihis salaam) not a benefit and advantage? Verily it is! Thus, if benefit can be gained through the other Ambiya (alaihimus salaam), how then can a Muslim say that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) cannot give us benefit or loss?

Once, Sayyiduna Maghir (radi Allahu anhu) committed a grave sin so he went to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and asked him to purify him. Although the Sahabi-e-Rasool had sinned against Allah Ta’ala, he asked the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to purify and cleanse him because he knew that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) would give benefit to him.

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “I am the one who distributes and Almighty Allah is the One who gives.” (Bukhari; Umdatul Qari)

Sayyiduna Rabia (radi Allahu anhu) said in the court of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam): “I ask from you that I may be in Jannah with you.” (Mishkaat; Mirkaat)It is obvious from these Ahadith that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the one who distributes throughout the universe and he who is a distributor in the entire universe definitely has the power of giving benefit.

From the above narrations, those who are Muslims will always accept that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has the power of giving benefit. He will think of him as the one to turn to in the times of need.

TO SEEK THE WASILA OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM)

Some persons believe that it is not permissible to seek a Wasila (mediation) when making Du?a to Allah Ta?ala. They say that you should make Du?a directly to Almighty Allah. The Aqeeda of the Ahle Sunnah wal Jama’at is that to seek the mediation of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is permissible or allowed by the Shari?ah.

The following verse proves that one can seek a Wasila when approaching Allah Ta?ala. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “O ye who believe! Fear Allah and search for a Wasila (mediation) towards Him and strive in His path on that hope that you will gain refuge.” (Part 6, Ruku 10)

The following verse proves that one can seek a Wasila by approaching the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And if when they do injustice unto their souls, then O Beloved! They should come to you and then beg forgiveness from Allah, and the Messenger should intercede for them, then surely, they would find Allah most Relenting, Merciful.” (Part 5, Ruku 7)

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) states that when the Jews wished to gain victory over their enemies they would make this Du’a: “O Allah! We ask to you through the mediation of the unlettered Prophet that You may grant us victory over those Polytheists.” (Tafseer Durre Manthur)

Sayyiduna Imam ibn Jureer Tibri (radi Allahu anhu) writes that the Jews also made this Du’a: “O Allah! Send down that a Prophet who will make justice between us and the people and those people used to gain victory and help against the others through his mediation.” (Tafseer ibn Jareer)

Hadrat Uthman bin Haniff (radi Allahu anhu) says that a blind man came to the court of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and said, “O Messenger of Allah! Pray for me that I may regain my sight.” The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Go and perform ablution and read two Raka’ats of Nafil Salaah and read this Du’a: ‘O Allah! Verily I ask of You and towards You I use the mediation of Nabi-e-Rahmat, Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). O Muhammad! Verily I turn through your Wasila to Your Creator for my needs so that my needs may be fulfilled. O Allah, accept the intercession of Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) for me”. (Ibn Maja; Shifa Shareef)

With regards to this Hadith Shareef about the blind man being asked to make Du?a with the Wasila of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Sayyiduna Allama Abdul Ghani Delhwi (radi Allahu anhu) says, “It proves the permissibility of mediation and that of the Prophet’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) intercession. This command is that during his life, but also after his demise.” (Misbahus Zijaja Bar Hashia ibn Maja) Thus, one is allowed to seek the Wasila of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) even after his demise.

When Sayyiduna Adam (alaihis salaam) ate from the forbidden tree, he made Du’a to Allah Ta’ala through the mediation of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in this way: “O Allah! Forgive me with the Wasila of Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).” (Tibraani; Muwahibul Ladaniyah)

The Ambiya are Wasilas (mediators) for their Ummah in every form and the Wasila of the Ambiya is the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Hence, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the Wasila of all mediations, even the Wasila for Hadrat Adam (alaihis salaam). (Tafseer Saadi)

Sayyidah Aisha Siddiqa (radi Allahu anha) says that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “O Allah! Grant Islam respect through Umar ibn Khatab.” (Ibn Majah)

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Abdaals will be in Syria. They are forty men. When one of them passes away, then Allah Ta’ala puts another in his place. Through their blessings it rains. Through them victory is gained over enemies and through their blessings punishment is moved away from the people of Syria.” (Mishkaat; Ash’atul Lam’aat)

Sayyiduna Umar Farouk (radi Allahu anhu) sent troops towards Kasra and he made Sayyiduna Sa’ad bin Ka’ab Waqqas (radi Allahu anhu) the commander of the troop. Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) was the chief commanding officer. When they came close to the Dajla, there were no ships or boats to cross the river. Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) and Hadrat Sa’ad bin Ka’ab (radi Allahu anhu) went forward and spoke to the river, saying: “O River! You are flowing through the Command of Almighty Allah. Thus, we are giving you the Wasila of the justice of Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and the Khalifa of Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), Sayyiduna Umar Farouk (radi Allahu anhu). Do not become a stoppage between us and our crossing.” Suddenly, the river gave way. Then the troops crossed the river with their horses and camels. They reached the other side of the land in such a manner that their (horses and camels) hooves did not even get wet. (Ar Riyaadhun Nadhra)

In the above narrations one sees that the Sahaba-Ikraam used various forms of mediation as solutions to their problems.

Sayyiduna Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Delhwi (alaihir rahmah) writes the following: “According to the Ijma of the Ulema, to use the Wasila of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to gain assistance both with verbally or physically is said to be confirmed to be desirable.” (Jazbul Quloob)

THE PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM) IS THE TEACHER OF THE ENTIRE CREATION

To believe that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) learnt or sought knowledge from any creation is a false belief. According to the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the teacher of the entire universe.

The following verse proves that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was sent to teach the entire mankind. Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran: “O our Lord, Send to them a Messenger from among themselves, so that he may recite to them Your signs and teach them Your book and wise knowledge and purify them well. Surely, You are Alone the Predominant, the Wise.” (Part 1, Ruku 15)

The Holy Quran says: “And Allah taught you that which you did not know and great is the grace of Allah upon you.” (Part 5, ruku 14) This verse again proves that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was not taught by any creation.

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the teacher of the entire universe and Allah Ta’ala has taught every language to the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

The Holy Quran says: “And we have sent each Messenger in the language of His own people that He may tell them clearly.” (Part 13, Ruku 13) In connection with this verse, Hazrat Allama Sulaiman (alaihir rahmah) states: “And the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to converse with every nation their language.” (Tafseer Jaml)

Sheikh Mohiyuddeen ibn Arabi (alaihir rahmah) said, “There is no person on this earth that have not acquired from the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) be it Ambiya or Awliyah, be he of this Shari’ah or of the past Shari’ah.”